In the early 2000’s Russia took the world by storm when they rose to the top of the supply and demand chain of the agricultural world. Russia’s transition resulted in the development of their now complex and uneven production system. Little did the world know that Russia’s combination of policy reformations, production changes, and commodity and trade reconstructions would affect the markets across the globe.
Twenty years ago, Russia began their conversion from a planned to a market economy. Then, in 2014 the country’s government reacted to the sanctions regarding the Ukraine crisis by banning food imports from all Western countries. Many government officials have since spoken on the issue by saying that they believe it is not only possible for their country to be self sufficient, but that they can provide for other countries, as well. However, it seems that in all reality the country is facing issues with following through with that claim. While Russia is blessed with perhaps the most some of the most arable land in the world, they rely on imports to account for nearly 40% of the food that feeds the people of their country. A ratio of that extent would take farmers and producers years of hard work and increased funding to reach the goals that the government expects.
Considering their agricultural production issues, Russia is known primarily for their exports of crude petroleum and natural gases to countries such as the Netherlands, China, and Germany. While they are not known for their exports of agricultural products, their top export is wheat and other grains. In fact, in the year 2012 the country produced 11.2% of the world’s barley and 5.9% of the world’s wheat. While their imports more than double their exports in all areas of production, they are still able to produce and export small amounts of a range of products from wheat, to veal, to sugar and honey.